Presentations: SEA - Structural Applied Micro 2023, SOLE 2024 (scheduled)
Abstract: Interracial marriage has steadily increased in the US, indicating positive progress toward social integration. Nevertheless, this progress has been uneven across different social groups, with notable gender disparities among Blacks and Asians. This paper analyzes how changing marital gains and changing population supplies have shaped the interracial marriage pattern and the marital welfare of each social group in the US. Using a structural model of marriage market equilibrium, I first show that marital gains from interracial marriage have improved only for some pairs, revealing substantial gender and education gaps. I then show that these disparities in marital gains, along with the demographic composition, have improved marriage prospects and welfare for some groups (e.g. college-educated Black men) while limiting others' (e.g. Black women). Using the estimated model, I uncover the complex ways through which changing marital gains and population have shaped uneven marital welfare. I find that both (1) increasing sex ratio imbalance and (2) evolving gender gaps in marital gains from interracial marriage contributed to the evolving gender gaps in marital prospects, but differently for different racial groups. Lastly, I show that removing the gender gaps in racial preferences in marriage, particularly in the direction of stronger racial integration, would improve marital prospects for all.
"Gender Wage Gap and Household Consumption in the US: Evidence from Scanner Data" (with So Yoon Ahn) - Draft available upon request
Presentations: AASLE 2021, SEHO 2022, Leuven Summer Event - Labor/Family Economics 2022, SOLE 2023, Nebraska Labor Summit
Abstract: We examine how women’s relative earning potential shapes household consumption patterns in the US, leveraging plausibly exogenous variations in gender-specific wages created by Bartik-style approaches. We extend existing evidence by providing causal estimates that encompass a broader demographic spectrum and incorporate novel variations in relative wages. We find that women’s better labor market opportunities lead to an increase in women- and children-related consumption and a decrease in men’s alcohol consumption, aligning more with women’s preferences. However, we do not find impacts on food consumption, which diverges from patterns observed in developing countries. Our results are consistent with household bargaining explanations.
Selected Work in Progress
"Geographic Variation in Racial Sorting in the US Marriage Market"
"Siblings' Interactions in Caregiving for Their Parents" (with Daniel Barczyk, Matthias Kredler, and Frank Yang)
"Evaluation of the Reggio Approach to Early Childhood Education" (with Pietro Biroli, Daniela Del Boca, James J. Heckman, Lynne Pettler-Heckman, Sylvi Kuperman, Sidharth Moktan, Chiara D. Pronzato, and Anna L. Ziff), Research in Economics, 72(1):1-32. (2018)